Criminal justice institutions – UK Government assessment

Progress assessment


There has been a sustained or severe regression in the enjoyment of human rights, or a significant reduction in human rights standards or protections in law or policy

Limited time out of cells, overcrowding, poor conditions, use of force, solitary confinement and self-harm in prisons are commonplace and, in some cases, increasingly frequent. Restrictions imposed during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic continue to have a significant negative impact on human rights standards. Imprisonment rates are high, ethnic minority people are over-represented, and mental health services continue to be inadequate. Proposals in the Police, Crime, Sentencing and Courts Bill will significantly increase time spent in custody and are likely to lead to a larger prison population. There have been some positive policy developments, such as reforms to probation and the Female Offender Strategy, although implementation of the strategy remains slow.

Read more about the UK Government’s actions on criminal justice institutions.

The assessment was made based on the evidence available up to 30/09/2021