Human trafficking and modern slavery – UK Government assessment

Progress assessment

Limited progress

There have been legal or policy changes to improve human rights protections but very limited evidence of sustained improvements in the enjoyment of human rights on this issue

The UK Government has taken important steps to eradicate and enhance understanding of modern slavery and trafficking, such as taking steps to tackle slavery in supply chains, but concerns remain about the effectiveness of the legal framework and the National Referral Mechanism (NRM). The number of NRM referrals has increased significantly in recent years, but the true scale of modern slavery remains unknown and prosecution rates are low. The pandemic has exacerbated vulnerabilities to exploitation, including for children.

Read more about the UK Government’s actions on human trafficking and modern slavery.


The assessment was made based on the evidence available up to 18/03/2021