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Found 103 results

Access to justice, including fair trials – Government action

UK Government actions In August 2021, the UK Government responded to a consultation on increasing selected court fees. In July...

Government action

CAT concluding observations 2019, paragraph 35

Government should: Immediately set up an inquiry into alleged acts of torture and ill-treatment of detainees held overseas committed by,...

UN recommendation

CAT concluding observations 2019, paragraph 65

Government should: (a) Ensure that the parents or guardians of intersex children receive impartial counselling and psychological and social support....

UN recommendation

CAT concluding observations 2019, paragraph 59

Government should: (a) Improve efforts to investigate claims of human trafficking, prosecute perpetrators and ensure that victims obtain compensation. Consider...

UN recommendation

CAT concluding observations 2019, paragraph 57

Government should: (a) Take steps to address the low prosecution and conviction rates for domestic abuse and sexual violence. Ensure...

UN recommendation

CAT concluding observations 2019, paragraph 53

Government should: (a) Provide the UN with detailed data on asylum applications that involve torture claims and the outcomes of...

UN recommendation

CAT concluding observations 2019, paragraph 51

Government should: Consider changing the law to ensure that all victims of torture are able to access remedy and obtain...

UN recommendation

CAT concluding observations 2019, paragraph 49

Government should: (a) Consider creating a specialist unit in the Metropolitan Police and Crown Prosecution Service to strengthen the use...

UN recommendation

CAT concluding observations 2019, paragraph 45

Government should: (a) Take urgent steps to provide redress, including compensation and rehabilitation, for victims identified by the Historical Institution...

UN recommendation

CAT concluding observations 2019, paragraph 43

Government should: (a) Promptly investigate cases of paramilitary violence, including against children, in Northern Ireland. Ensure that perpetrators are prosecuted...

UN recommendation

CAT concluding observations 2019, paragraph 41

Government should: (a) Urgently implement the Stormont House Agreement, which was adopted by the British and Irish Governments and the...

UN recommendation

CAT concluding observations 2019, paragraph 39

Government should: (a) Improve training for government officials who make decisions about statelessness. Carry out regular reviews of the officials’...

UN recommendation

CAT concluding observations 2019, paragraph 33

Government should: Set up an independent public inquiry to investigate allegations of torture and ill-treatment by UK staff in Iraq...

UN recommendation

CERD concluding observations 2016, paragraph 16

Government should: (a) Investigate all reported racist hate crimes, prosecute perpetrators and provide remedies for victims. (b) Collect disaggregated data...

UN recommendation

CAT concluding observations 2019, paragraph 21

Government should: (a) Continue to improve conditions and reduce overcrowding in prisons and other detention facilities, including through the use...

UN recommendation

CAT concluding observations 2019, paragraph 19

Government should: (a) Ensure that all cases of violence, including sexual assault, against children in detention are investigated quickly and...

UN recommendation

CAT concluding observations 2019, paragraph 15

Government should: Collect and publish disaggregated data on all complaints and reports of torture or ill-treatment received by government authorities....

UN recommendation

CEDAW concluding observations 2019, paragraph 24

Government should: Ensure that women, particularly women in vulnerable situations such as disabled women, ethnic minority women, asylum-seeking and refugee...

UN recommendation

ICCPR concluding observations 2015, paragraph 27

Government should: Within one year, give an update on plans to implement the UN's recommendations on accountability for conflict-related violations...

UN recommendation

ICCPR concluding observations 2015, paragraph 24

Government should: (a) Review laws on intercepting and storing personal communications in line with the ICCPR, including article 17. Any...

UN recommendation

ICCPR concluding observations 2015, paragraph 23

Government should: (a) Raise the age of criminal responsibility to meet international standards. Follow international standards for juvenile justice. (b)...

UN recommendation

ICCPR concluding observations 2015, paragraph 22

Government should: (a) Ensure any limits on fair trial guarantees for national security reasons (such as court hearings held without...

UN recommendation

ICCPR concluding observations 2015, paragraph 21

Government should: (a) Introduce legal time limits on immigration detention. Ensure detention is used as a last resort and is...

UN recommendation

ICCPR concluding observations 2015, paragraph 13

Government should: Take action to tackle violence against women, including domestic violence and sexual abuse, by: (a) prioritising introducing domestic...

UN recommendation

CERD concluding observations 2016, paragraph 12

Government should: Ensure any budget cuts or legal changes to the mandates of the UK's national human rights institutions do...

UN recommendation

CERD concluding observations 2016, paragraph 21

Government should: Ensure members of ethnic minorities can access fair and effective legal aid across the UK and in all...

UN recommendation

ICCPR concluding observations 2015, paragraph 9

Government should (a) Ensure Parliament's Intelligence and Security Committee appropriately balances security interests against accountability for human rights violations. Consider...

UN recommendation

UPR recommendations 2017, paragraph 134.227

Government should: Apologise to the peoples and countries it colonised or attacked, and offer financial compensation. Apologize to the peoples...

UN recommendation

CRC concluding observations 2023, paragraph 33

Government should: (a) Focus on children’s rights in all systems and actions taken to prevent abuse and neglect of children;...

UN recommendation

CRC concluding observations 2023, paragraph 55

Government should: (a) Ensure that all children under 18 who are victims of offences under the Optional Protocol are treated...

UN recommendation

CRC concluding observations 2023, paragraph 17

Ensure all children can: (a) Safely make complaints about violence, abuse, discrimination and other violations of their rights, in schools,...

UN recommendation

CRC concluding observations 2023, paragraph 56

Government should: (a) Consider removing the interpretative declaration on article 1; (b) Consider raising the minimum age of voluntary recruitment...

UN recommendation

CRC concluding observations 2023, paragraph 51

Government should: (a) Remove the ‘Hostile Environment’ policy and ensure children without regular residence status can get legal help, social...

UN recommendation

CRC concluding observations 2023, paragraph 50

Government should: (a) Urgently change the Illegal Migration Bill: take out any provisions that would lead to violations of children’s...

UN recommendation

CRC concluding observations 2023, paragraph 47

Government should: (a) Do more to deal with inequalities in education and improve outcomes for disadvantaged children, including by: •...

UN recommendation

CRC concluding observations 2023, paragraph 20

Government should: a) Take more action to deal with racism, xenophobia and discrimination against disadvantaged children, including: • ethnic minority...

UN recommendation

CRC concluding observations 2023, paragraph 52

Government should: (a) Do more to identify child victims of trafficking and to ensure that child victims are referred to...

UN recommendation

UPR recommendations 2017, paragraph 134.181

Government should: Adopt laws, especially in Northern Ireland, to tackle domestic violence. Ensure all cases of domestic violence are fully...

UN recommendation

UPR recommendations 2017, paragraph 134.224

Government should: Put into practice recommendations of the UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention and the Human Rights Committee regarding...

UN recommendation

CERD concluding observations 2016, paragraph 29

Government should: Investigate the disproportionate number of black people and people of ethnic minorities within the criminal justice system across...

UN recommendation

UPR recommendations 2017, paragraph 134.157

Government should: Continue negotiating transitional justice issues in Northern Ireland, and put into practice transitional justice elements of the Stormont...

UN recommendation

UPR recommendations 2017, paragraph 134.156

Government should: Provide coroners with all necessary resources to conduct prompt and impartial investigations into deaths linked to the Northern...

UN recommendation

UPR recommendations 2017, paragraph 134.153

Government should: Consider aligning its corporate criminal liability law with international human rights law. Ensure UK companies operating abroad are...

UN recommendation

UPR recommendations 2017, paragraph 134.154

Government should: To guarantee justice for all, ensure appropriate legal aid is available, particularly for the most marginalised groups in...

UN recommendation

UPR recommendations 2017, paragraph 134.138

Government should: Introduce policies to prevent trafficking in women and girls. Guarantee a fair trial to victims of trafficking. Adopt...

UN recommendation

UPR recommendations 2017, paragraph 134.135

Government should: Speep up the investigation into allegations of British military personnel involvement in the ill-treatment of civilians and detainees...

UN recommendation

CERD concluding observations 2016, paragraph 49

Government should: In the UK's next State Report, provide detailed information on steps taken to implement in particular the recommendations...

UN recommendation

CERD concluding observations 2016, paragraph 43

Government should: Provide, in the UK's next State Report, updated and detailed information on the steps being taken to combat...

UN recommendation

CERD concluding observations 2016, paragraph 41

Government should: Ensure CERD applies in all territories, including the British Indian Ocean Territory. Fully consult with the Chagossians (Îlois)...

UN recommendation

CERD concluding observations 2016, paragraph 39

Government should: Set a legal time limit for immigration detention. Ensure detention is used only as a last resort, and...

UN recommendation

ICCPR concluding observations 2015, paragraph 10

Government should: Do more to prevent and put an end to racism and xenophobia, including in the media and on...

UN recommendation

ICCPR concluding observations 2015, paragraph 8

Government should: (a) Urgently investigate events in Northern Ireland to prosecute perpetrators of human rights violations (in particular the right...

UN recommendation

Access to justice, including fair trials – UK Government assessment

The UK Government has taken important steps to improve victim support and access to legal aid, including the Victims’ Code...

Progress assessment Limited progress

CRC concluding observations 2016, paragraph 7

Government should: (a) Align UK laws with the CRC so it can be enforced in UK courts and people can...

UN recommendation

UPR recommendations 2017, paragraph 134.13

Government should: Promptly ratify the Optional Protocol to the ICCPR on a complaints procedure. Ratify promptly the Optional Protocol to...

UN recommendation

UPR recommendations 2017, paragraph 134.12

Government should: Consider ratifying further Optional Protocols on complaints procedures. Take necessary steps to allow individual complaints mechanisms under United...

UN recommendation

UPR recommendations 2017, paragraph 134.11

Government should: Ratify the Optional Protocol to the ICCPR on a complaints procedure. Ratify the First Optional Protocol to the...

UN recommendation

UPR recommendations 2017, paragraph 134.9

Government should: Consider ratifying the Optional Protocol to the ICCPR on a complaints procedure. Consider ratifying the Optional Protocol to...

UN recommendation

UPR recommendations 2017, paragraph 134.7

Government should: Ratify the Optional Protocols to ICESCR and the CRC on complaints procedures; and the International Convention for the...

UN recommendation

UPR recommendations 2017, paragraph 134.3

Government should: Ratify any outstanding human rights treaties and optional protocols. Consider ratifying those international human rights instruments that the...

UN recommendation

UPR recommendations 2017, paragraph 134.2

Government should: Ratify any outstanding human rights treaties and optional protocols. Harmonise human rights laws across the UK's territories. Accede...

UN recommendation

UPR recommendations 2017, paragraph 134.1

Government should: Consider allowing people who feel their rights have been breached to take complaints to the UN by ratifying...

UN recommendation

CERD concluding observations 2016, paragraph 48

Government should: Within one year of adopting the present recommendations, provide an update to the CERD Committee on progress in...

UN recommendation

CERD concluding observations 2016, paragraph 8

Government should: make CERD part of UK and devolved law, and: (a) Ensure caste-based discrimination is banned by immediately bringing...

UN recommendation

CRC concluding observations 2016, paragraph 87

Government should: Put into practice the UN's previous recommendation on captured child soldiers for all under 18s: Ensure children can...

UN recommendation

UPR recommendations 2017, paragraph 134.16

Government should: Ratify the Optional Protocol to the ICESCR on a complaints procedure. Ratify the Optional Protocol to the International...

UN recommendation

CRC concluding observations 2016, paragraph 88

Government should: Ratify the Optional Protocol to the CRC on a complaints procedure to allow children who feel their rights...

UN recommendation

CRC concluding observations 2016, paragraph 85

Government should: (a) Consider raising the UK army minimum recruitment age to 18. (b) Prevent the targeting and recruitment of...

UN recommendation

CRC concluding observations 2016, paragraph 81

Government should: Always video record interviews with child victims/witnesses during investigation. Permit the interviews as evidence in court. The Committee...

UN recommendation

CRC concluding observations 2016, paragraph 77

Government should: Consider UN advice on unaccompanied and separated children and: (a) Collect and publish data on the number of...

UN recommendation

CRC concluding observations 2016, paragraphs 75

Government should: (a) In line with UN advice on children's right to rest, leisure, play and cultural life, ensure all...

UN recommendation

CRC concluding observations 2016, paragraph 73

Government should: (a) Take action to reduce the impact of social background or disabilities on children's achievements in school. Guarantee...

UN recommendation

CRC concluding observations 2016, paragraphs 47

Government should: (a) In line with UN advice on harmful practices, ensure that marriage of 16 and 17-year-olds is based...

UN recommendation

CRC concluding observations 2016, paragraph 45

Government should: (a) Collect and publish disaggregated data on child exploitation and abuse. Make reporting on child exploitation and abuse...

UN recommendation

CRC concluding observations 2016, paragraph 31

Government should: (a) Systematically and meaningfully involve children in decision making, both locally and nationally, in all matters relating to...

UN recommendation

Access to justice, including fair trials – Welsh Government assessment

Read our assessment of the UK Government’s progress on access to justice, including fair...

Progress assessment Reserved to the UK Government

UPR recommendations 2017, paragraph 134.14

Government should: Consider ratifying the Optional Protocol to the ICCPR on a complaints procedure. Consider ratification of the First Optional...

UN recommendation

UPR recommendations 2017, paragraph 134.17

Government should: Approve the Optional Protocol to the CRC on a complaints procedure. Ratify the third optional protocol to the...

UN recommendation

ICCPR concluding observations 2015, paragraph 6

Government should: Review its reservations to articles 10 (on separating under 18s in detention from adults), 14 (on free legal...

UN recommendation

ICESCR concluding observations 2016, paragraph 6

Government should: Make ICESCR part of UK law. Ensure that where rights are violated, people can take legal action see...

UN recommendation

ICESCR concluding observations 2016, paragraph 70

Government should: Consider ratifying outstanding human rights treaties including the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All...

UN recommendation

ICESCR concluding observations 2016, paragraph 69

Government should: Ratify the Optional Protocol to the ICESCR to allow people who feel their rights have been breached to...

UN recommendation

ICESCR concluding observations 2016, paragraph 42

Government should: Consider UN advice on the right to social security. The Committee draws the attention of the State party...

UN recommendation

ICESCR concluding observations 2016, paragraph 41

Government should: (a) Review conditions attached to social security benefits. Reverse the cuts introduced by the Welfare Reform Act 2012...

UN recommendation

ICESCR concluding observations 2016, paragraph 39

Government should: Review the Trade Union Act 2016. Ensure all workers enjoy full trade union rights without interference. Implement the...

UN recommendation

ICESCR concluding observations 2016, paragraph 35

Government should: (a) Ensure all migrant workers enjoy equal rights for pay, protection from unfair dismissal, rest and leisure, working...

UN recommendation

ICESCR concluding observations 2016, paragraph 21

Government should: Review legal aid reforms to ensure everyone has access to justice and, where needed, free legal aid (especially...

UN recommendation

ICESCR concluding observations 2016, paragraph 15

Government should align its international development cooperation with human rights by: (a) assessing the potential human rights impacts of international...

UN recommendation

ICESCR concluding observations 2016, paragraph 13

Government should: Consider UN advice on business and economic, social and cultural rights. The Committee draws the attention of the...

UN recommendation

ICESCR concluding observations 2016, paragraph 12

Government should: (a) Set up clear regulations to ensure companies operating in the UK do not infringe economic, social and...

UN recommendation

CRPD concluding observations 2017, paragraph 53

Government should: Consult disabled people's organisations to: (a) Ensure all disabled children get an inclusive education in their own communities....

UN recommendation

UPR recommendations 2017, paragraph 134.18

Government should: Consider ratifying the Optional Protocol to the CRC on a complaints procedure. Consider the ratification of the Optional...

UN recommendation

CRPD concluding observations 2017, paragraph 45

Government should: (a) Recognise disabled people’s right to live independently and be included in the community in UK laws, so...

UN recommendation

CRPD concluding observations 2017, paragraph 39

Government should: work with disabled people's organisations to: (a) Ensure disabled people (particularly women, children, intersex people and older people)...

UN recommendation

CRPD concluding observations 2017, paragraph 33

Government should: Work with disabled people's organisations to: (a) Develop programmes to make judges, prosecutors, police officers and prison staff...

UN recommendation

CRPD concluding observations 2017, paragraph 15

Government should: Legally protect people from multiple and intersectional discrimination, including on the grounds of migrant, refugee or other status....

UN recommendation

CRPD concluding observations 2017, paragraph 7

Government should: (a) Put disabled people's rights into practice across the UK, and make the CRPD part of UK (and...

UN recommendation

UPR recommendations 2017, paragraph 134.122

Government should: Take action to combat racism and hate crimes. Ensure victims can access redress and compensation. Adopt measures aimed...

UN recommendation

UPR recommendations 2017, paragraph 134.73

Government should: Ensure any human rights reforms do not reduce the current human rights protections, and do not affect people's...

UN recommendation

UPR recommendations 2017, paragraph 134.21

Government should: Consider ratifying the Optional Protocol to the CRC on a complaints procedure. Consider ratifying the Optional Protocol to...

UN recommendation

UPR recommendations 2017, paragraph 134.20

Government should: Ratify the Optional Protocol to the CRC on a complaints procedure. Ratify the Optional Protocol to the Convention...

UN recommendation

UPR recommendations 2017, paragraph 134.19

Government should: Consider ratifying the Optional Protocol to the CRC on a complaints procedure. In order to further strengthen the...

UN recommendation

CRC concluding observations 2023, paragraph 54

Government should: (a) Raise the minimum age of criminal responsibility to at least 14; (b) Take action, including by changing...

UN recommendation