CRC concluding observations 2023, paragraph 44

UN recommendation

Plain English recommendation

Government should: (a) Ensure all adolescent girls can access family planning services, affordable contraceptives, and safe abortion care without having to travel to another area; (b) Make sexual and reproductive health education a mandatory part of the school curriculum at all levels and teacher training; ensure that it includes sexual diversity, rights, responsible behaviour and violence prevention; faith schools and parents should not have the option of opting out of this education; (c) Do more to inform adolescents about substance abuse, including abuse of tobacco and alcohol, and ensure adolescents who need treatment are identified and get the services they need; (d) Provide community-based drug dependence treatment services for adolescents, linked to mental health services.

Original UN recommendation

The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Ensure access for adolescent girls to age-appropriate family planning services, affordable contraceptives and safe abortion and post-abortion care services, particularly in Northern Ireland and the Overseas Territories, with a view to ensuring that no adolescent girl has to travel to other jurisdictions of the State party to access reproductive health care; (b) Integrate comprehensive, age-appropriate and evidence-based education on sexual and reproductive health into mandatory school curricula at all levels of education and into teacher training, and ensure that it includes education on sexual diversity, sexual and reproductive health rights, responsible sexual behaviour and violence prevention, without the possibility for faith-based schools or parents to opt out of such education; (c) Strengthen measures to provide adolescents with information on preventing substance abuse, including of tobacco and alcohol, and to ensure the early identification and adequate referral of adolescents requiring treatment; (d) Ensure the availability of accessible, community-based drug dependence treatment services for adolescents, and ensure their complementarity with mental health services as relevant.

Date of UN examination


UN article number

6, 18 (3), 24, 26, 27 (1)–(3), 33

Last updated on 03/06/2024