Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD)
CRPD is an international human rights treaty adopted in 2006. The UK ratified (agreed to follow) CRPD in 2009.
By ratifying CRPD, the UK agrees to protect and promote the human rights of disabled people, including:
- eliminating disability discrimination
- enabling disabled people to live independently in the community
- ensuring an inclusive education system
- ensuring disabled people are protected from all forms of exploitation, violence and abuse
How the treaty is monitored
The implementation of CRPD is monitored by the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Around every five years the Committee reviews how well each state is putting the rights in CRPD into practice. Find out more about the previous review cycles.
There are six stages in the treaty cycle. Civil society organisations can engage throughout this process. We have produced a guide for civil society with information on how to participate. The UN’s website also has information on how to participate.
Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) treaty cycle
The CRPD review cycle is currently at stage 6: Government implements recommendations.
1. Stakeholders report on progress
- UK state report (submitted November 2011)
- report of the UK Independent Mechanism (made up of the four UK Equality and Human Rights Commissions) (published February 2017)
- our report on England and our report on Wales (published February 2017)
- other stakeholders’ reports (submitted January/February 2017)
2. UN publishes list of issues
3. Stakeholders respond to list of issues
4. UN examines the government
- the examination took place in Geneva on Wednesday 23 August 2017 (video of the first day of examination) and Thursday 24 August 2017 (video of the second day of examination)
5. UN publishes recommendations
- UN publishes recommendations to the UK (August 2017)
- the recommendations include a request for a follow-up report each September, until 2023, focusing on progress made on independent living, work and employment, living standards and social protection
- the UK government is to submit its next report by July 2023
6. Government implements recommendations
CRPD has one Optional Protocol. This is an additional treaty that allows people to complain directly to the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities if they believe their rights have been violated. It can only be used when all domestic channels have been exhausted. It has been ratified by the UK.
The Optional Protocol also allows the Committee to undertake its own inquiries, where reliable information is received into allegations of grave or systematic violations of treaty rights. Read about the inquiry on independent living, living standards and employment for disabled people in the UK, published in 2016.
The Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities has issued a number of General Comments on CRPD. These provide further detail on how it should be interpreted, covering issues such as accessibility, the right to independent living and equality and non-discrimination.