ICCPR concluding observations 2015, paragraph 16
Plain English recommendation
Take action to prevent suicides, including suicides and self-harm in custody, by:
(a) tackling the root causes of suicide and self-harm, improving identification of at-risk individuals, and managing prevention strategies.
(b) training prison officials in preventing suicide and self-harm.
(c) providing mental health and other support services for prisoners.
(d) tackling bullying in custody.
(e) ensuring cases of suicide and self-harm are investigated.
(f) considering the Harris Review report and implementing its recommendations.
Original UN recommendation
The State party should take robust measures to prevent self-inflicted deaths (suicides), including suicides and self-harm in custody, inter alia by:
(a) Studying and addressing the root causes of the problem, continuing to improve the identification of persons at risk of suicide and self-harm, and operating effective early prevention strategies and programmes.
(b) Providing adequate training to prison officials on prevention of suicide and self-harm.
(c) Ensuring adequate protection of prisoners and appropriate mental health and other support services for them.
(d) Combating bullying in custody facilities effectively.
(e) Ensuring that cases of suicide and self-harm are independently and thoroughly investigated and that lessons are learned.
(f) Giving due consideration to the Harris Review report and to implementing its recommendations.
Date of UN examination
UN article number
2 (implementation at the national level), 6 (right to life), 7 (freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment), 9 (liberty and security), 10 (treatment of people deprived of liberty), 24 (rights of the child)