CRC concluding observations 2016, paragraph 40

UN recommendation

Plain English recommendation

Government should consider UN advice on children’s right to freedom from all forms of violence and: (a) Ban the use of Tasers and similar devices (electrical discharge weapons) on children. Collect age-disaggregated data to monitor their use. (b) Ban all methods of disciplinary restraint against children in institutions (residential and non-residential). Ban deliberately painful restraint on children. (c) Ensure restraint is used as a last resort, and only to prevent them from harming others or themselves. (d) Collect and publish data on restraint use against children in all settings, including custody and education.

Original UN recommendation

With reference to the Committee’s general comment No. 13 (2011) on the right of the child to freedom from all forms of violence, and to target 16.2 of the Sustainable Development Goals, the Committee urges the State party to: (a) Prohibit the use on children of electrical discharge weapons, such as Tasers, attenuating energy projectiles (in Northern Ireland) and any other harmful devices and systematically collect and publish age-disaggregated data on their use in order to monitor the implementation of such prohibition; (b) Abolish all methods of restraint against children for disciplinary purposes in all institutional settings, both residential and non-residential, and ban the use of any technique designed to inflict pain on children; (c) Ensure that restraint is used against children exclusively to prevent harm to the child or others and only as a last resort; (d) Systematically and regularly collect and publish disaggregated data on the use of restraint and other restrictive interventions on children in order to monitor the appropriateness of discipline and behaviour management for children in all settings, including in education, custody, mental health, welfare and immigration settings.

Date of UN examination


UN article number

19 (protection from all forms of violence), 37 (detention)

Last updated on 09/12/2020